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This week's Capoeira Wiki-Word is:

 

Ganga Zumba

 

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Rei Salomão / King Solomon
Author: Mestre Ezequiel / BA

Foi o rei quem mandou, foi o rei quem mandou / It was the king who ordered, was the king who ordered
Matar todo o mundo que fosse de cor / To kill everyone who was of color

Foi o rei quem mandou, foi o rei quem mandou / It was the king who ordered, was the king who ordered
Matar todo o mundo que fosse de cor / To kill everyone who was of color

Foi o rei quem mandou prender / It was the king who ordered to take prisoner
Ganga Zumba em Quilombo de Palmares / Ganga Zumba at Quilombo de Palmares
Foi o rei quem mandou prender /  It was the king who ordered to take prisoner
Ganga Zumba em Quilombo de Palmares / Ganga Zumba at Quilombo de Palmares

Quando Zumbi foi chegando / When Zumbi was arriving
ele foi perguntando, "O que aconteceu?" / he went around asking, "What happened?"
Um garoto sentado na pedra / A boy sitting on the stone
Dizia chorando, "O vovô ja morreu / said crying, "Grandpa already died
Meu irmao arrancaram as orelhas, / My brother, they pulled them by the ears
amarram num pau como amarra um plebeu / They tied them up to a stick like you   tie up a commoner
Queimaram a cabana de Chico Suvino / They burned the hut  Chico Suvino
Mataram os meninos e o Chico morreu" / They killed the children and Chico died"
O Zumbi um guerreiro valente / O Zumbi,  a brave warrior, 
Olhava pro ceu e falava com deus / He looked to heaven and spoke with God,
Eu so vou ter salvação se eu beber / "I'll only have salvation if I drink
o sangue do rei Salomão / the blood of King Solomon"

Foi o rei quem mandou, foi o rei quem mandou / It was the king who ordered, was the king who ordered
Matar todo o mundo que fosse de cor / To kill everyone who was of color

Foi o rei quem mandou, foi o rei quem mandou / It was the king who ordered, was the king who ordered
Matar todo o mundo que fosse de cor / To kill everyone who was of color

 

From Wikipedia (Their account is good and translated from a widely used account in Portugese)

 

Ganga Zumba was the first of the leaders of Quilombo dos Palmares, or Angola Janga, in the present-day state of Alagoas, Brazil. Zumba was a slave who escaped bondage on a sugar plantation and assumed his destiny as heir to the kingdom of Palmares and the title Ganga Zumba. Although some Portuguese documents give him the name Ganga Zumba, and this name is widely used today, the most important of the documents translates the name as "Great Lord," which is probably not correct. However, a letter written to him by the governor of Pernambuco in 1678 and now found in the Archives of the University of Coimbra, calls him "Ganazumba," which is a better translation of "Great Lord" (in Kimbundu) and thus was probably his name.

A quilombo or mocambo was a refuge of runaway slaves who were forcibly brought to Brazil mainly from Angola that escaped their bondage and fled into the interior of Brazil to the mountainous region of Pernambuco. As their numbers increased, they formed maroon settlements, called mocambos.

Gradually as many as ten separate mocambos had formed and ultimately coalesced into a confederation called the Quilombo of Palmares, or Angola Janga, under a king, Ganga Zumba or Ganazumba, who may have been elected by the leaders of the constituent mocambos. Ganga Zumba, who ruled the biggest of the villages, Cerro dos Macacos, presided the mocambo's chief council and was considered the King of Palmares. The nine other settlements were headed by brothers, sons, or nephews of Gunga Zumba. Zumbi was chief of one community and his brother, Andalaquituche, headed another.

By the 1670s, Ganga Zumba had a palace, three wives, guards, ministers, and devoted subjects at his royal compound called Macaco. Macaco comes from the name of an animal (monkey) that was killed on the site. The compound consisted of 1,500 houses which housed his family, guards, and officials, all of which were considered royalty. He was given the respect of a Monarch and the honor of a Lord.(Kent)

In 1678 Zumba accepted a peace treaty offered by the Portuguese Governor of Pernambuco, which required that the Palmarinos relocate to Cucaú Valley. The treaty was challenged by Zumbi, one of Ganga Zumba's nephews, who led a revolt against him. In the confusion that followed, Ganga Zumba was poisoned, mostly likely by one of his own relatives for entering into a treaty with the Portuguese. And many of his followers who had moved to the Cucaú Valley were re-enslaved by the Portuguese. Resistance to the Portuguese then continued under Zumbi.

The Brazilian film Ganga Zumba was made in 1963 but was not released until 1972 because there was a military coup in Brazil in 1964, and films about revolutions, even those taking place in the 17th century, were considered politically dangerous. The film is based on João Felício dos Santo's novel, and focuses on a black slave who ends up in Palmares. The film is about black liberation and keeps a black racial perspective. (Stam)

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