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capoeira wiki-word of the week

Capoeira Wiki-Word of the Week:  Saravá

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Capoeira Wiki-Word of the Week: Saravá

This feature is designed to spark your interest in researching the world of capoeira's vocabulary, history, and philosophy.

Our Capoeira Wiki-Word series invites you to research the word of the week and post your definition(s) and translations. At the end of each week, the entries will be reviewed and then summarized into a translation and a definition of the Capoeira Wiki-Word of  the Week.

Submit your entries in the comments section below!

This week's Capoeira Wiki-Word is:

Saravá

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Don't forget to cite your sources!

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Capoeira Wiki-Word of the Week: Coroa

This feature is designed to spark your interest in researching the world of capoeira's vocabulary, history, and philosophy.

Our Capoeira Wiki-Word series invites you to research the word of the week and post your definition(s) and translations. At the end of each week, the entries will be reviewed and then summarized into a translation and a definition of the Capoeira Wiki-Word of the week.

Submit your entries in the comments section below!

This week's Capoeira Wiki-Word is:

Coroa

ps

Don't forget to cite your sources!

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Capoeira Wiki-Word of the Week: Batisado vs. Batizado (Update)

This feature is designed to spark your interest in researching the world of capoeira's vocabulary, history, and philosophy.

Our Capoeira Wiki-Word series invites you to research the word of the week and post your definition(s) and translations. At the end of each week, the entries will be reviewed and then summarized into a translation and a definition of the Capoeira Wiki-Word of the week.

Submit your entries in the comments section below!

This week's Capoeira Wiki-Word is:

Batisado vs. Batizado

ps

Don't forget to cite your sources

Update

BimbaEscola.jpg
2010_UCA_batizado_pe_do_berimbau.jpg

Batisado (spelled with an 's')is a term tht you won't find in most Portuguese dictionaries.  It refers to the ceremony of a baptism or batismo.

The word that we are accustomed to in the capoeira universe isbatizado (spelled with a 'z')

Mestre Acordeon brought this distinction up not too long ago because of a question of pronunciation of the Portuguese language. 

For whatever reason, Batisado and Batizado in their pronunciation have gotten rolled together more often than not here in the U.S.  There is a distinction, and it is important.

The letter 's' when found between two vowels is pronounced in Portuguese with what we are accustomed to in English as a 'z' sound.  For example:  zealot, zebra, or zeppelin

The letter 'z', when found between two vowels is pronounced in Portuguese with what we are accustomed to in English as a 's' sound.  For example:  soup, surreal, serpent  (there are exceptions, but batizado is not one of them)

Batizado translates from Portuguese to English as baptized, not baptism or the ceremony of a baptism.  While this may seem like a subtle distinction, it isn't from a Portuguese speaker's perspective.  As we learn more about capoeira, we need to value the combination of heritages that gave seed to the art we know and love. 

Also, it is important to understand that Mestre Acordeon's teacher, Mestre Bimba, created this ceremony.

From pages 65-70 of the book, "The Saga of Mestre Bimba" by Raimundo Cesar Alves de Almeida's, Mestre Itapoan

During the batizado ceremony, each new student received a nickname.  From then on, he would be known by that name in the academy and in the world of Capoeira.  The nickname would become his nome de guerra, his battle name.  The nicknme might be based on his physical type, the neighborhood he lived in, his profession, the style of clothes he wore, his attitude, or something he was particularly gifted at.

... Mestre (Bimba) said that in the past, the nickname also served to disguise a capoeirista's idetity, making it hard for the police to find him.

... When a student was baptized at Mestre's Academy, he played to the sound of the berimbau for the first time, since training in the sequencias took place without music.  Mestre would choose a graduated student and play São Bento Grande (de Regional), which is the basic berimbau accompaniment to Capoeira Regional.  The graduate would play with the beginner in a way that forced him to use defenses and show the attacks he had learned.  At the end of the game, Mestre would have the beginner stand in the center of the roda and ask the graduated student to give him a nickname, or Mestre himself would choose one.  After the name was given, everyone would applaud and Mestre would say:  "Let's have a blessing from the godfather."  The beginner would extend his hand to the graduate who had baptized him and he would receive a benção - a kick that would knock him down.  This part of the ceremony was optional and only took place if the student wanted it.  There were some very good beginners who avoided receiving the benção.

... The batizado is for the beginners.  It is their day and they should have a chance to look good.  Mestre Bimba taught us that is the law of batizado and the law of Capoeira.

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Capoeira Wiki-Word of the Week (updated)

This feature is designed to spark your interest in researching the world of capoeira's vocabulary, history, and philosophy.

Our Capoeira Wiki-Word series invites you to research the word of the week and post your definition(s) and translations. At the end of each week, the entries will be reviewed and then summarized into a translation and a definition of the Capoeira Wiki-Word of the week.

Submit your entries in the comments section below!

This week's Capoeira Wiki-Word is:

Zumbi

As with last week, there is the literal translation, and then there is the translation in the capoeira context

 

Update:

Nice work folks!

I would like to add the following...


1. Zumbi is the portuguese word for zombie


2. Google has a timeline of events pulled from various sources across the internet. I find it to be pretty comprehensive. The sources also give insight into the different versions of the history that exist.


Zumbi dos Palmares Google Timeline (copy and past the url into your browser): <href=http://www.google.com/#q=zumbi+palmares&hl=en&sa=X&tbs=tl:1&fp=1>


Pulled from this many sourced timeline... I like this page. It is consistent with lectures I have heard about Zumbi... http://www.executedtoday.com/2007/11/page/2/.

for the text of the page read on...


  

Zumbi dos Palmares


November 20th


On this date in 1695, Zumbi dos Palmares, the last leader of Brazil’s most famous free colony of fugitive slaves, was captured by the Portuguese and summarily beheaded.


From the very beginning of European settlement in the New Wold, quilombo communities of escaped slaves, free-born blacks, Indians, poor whites, and mixed-race outcasts formed at the fringes of slave states.


Colonial power did not welcome their presence. Consequently, the community of Palmares faced repeated harassment from the Portuguese and the Dutch West Indies Company from the time of its establishment around 1600 — even as it burgeoned into a kingdom of over 30,000 inhabitants.


Zumbi, a black free-born in Palmares, was kidnapped by such a sortie and raised with a missionary priest who taught him Portuguese and Latin. At 15, he escaped and returned to Palmares, quickly rising to prominence and in 1678 overthrowing his adoptive uncle King Ganga Zumba when the latter attempted to accept peace under Portuguese rule.


Zumbi’s skepticism was vindicated when the followers of Zumba who had defected to Portugal were re-enslaved, but free Palmares soon faced intensified Portuguese pressure. In 1694, artillery finally battered its largest settlement into submission — forcing its ruler into the bush, where he long eluded capture.

In Zumbi’s honor, November 20 is a Brazilian celebration of national pride and especially pride for those of African descent … while the king who would not be a slave has lent his name, somewhat paradoxically, to an international airport.


3. Since the quilombos were home to many escaped African slaves, it is believed by many that they brought their martial traditions with them. This only makes sense given that quilombos were fully functional societies and even nation states. Therefore, it is believed that the roots or some of the roots of capoeira were formed in some way in the quilombos.


In the capoeira context, Zumbi's persona and history are reminders of capoeira's history, and what capoeira mean for many people today. Given that capoeira is of afro-brazilian origin, it is easy to see how Zumbi has become a symbol of the liberation and pride that capoeiristas feel about themselves and their art.


4. We will explore quilombos more in another Wiki-Word installment.

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